windows xp

How to use the keyboard shortcut to navigate menus in Windows XP?

You can speed up tasks in almost any program by choosing menu items using your keyboard instead of your mouse. This operation is particularly handy when you're performing repetitive tasks.

To control menus using your keyboard


With your program open, press the ALT key. Notice that one letter on each menu name is now underlined. To open the menu, press the underlined key. For example, in Internet Explorer, the View menu name shows the V underlined after you press the ALT key. To open the View menu, press the ALT key, and then press V.

Menu bar with the V highlighted and underlined on View menu name


Now, each menu item will show one letter underlined. To access or activate the menu item you want, simply press the underlined key. For example, in Internet Explorer, after you open the View menu, the Privacy Report menu item shows the V underlined. Instead of clicking Privacy Report with your mouse, you can just press the V key.

View menu with the v in Privacy Report menu item highlighted and underlined


You can also choose menu commands by pressing key sequences quickly, without waiting for the menus to open. For example, to quickly view a Web page's privacy report in Internet Explorer, press ALT, V, V. Similarly, to save a Web page in Internet Explorer, you would normally click the File menu, and then click Save As. To choose the same commands using your keyboard, press ALT, F, A.


How to use keyboard shortcuts in Windows XP?

If you are a good typist, taking your hands away from the keyboard to move the mouse can use up a few seconds. Over the course of a full day, you could save several minutes by using keyboard shortcuts instead of the mouse.

You can use your keyboard instead of your mouse to do these three tasks:

• Start a program 
• Navigate menus 
• Minimize, maximize, and close windows

Start a program using a keyboard shortcut

The Start menu is great for finding programs, but its multiple levels of folders can be time consuming to navigate. If there is a program you start frequently, you should set a keyboard shortcut for it so that you can start the program without taking your hands off the keyboard.

To set a keyboard shortcut to start a program


Click the Start menu, and then click All Programs. Right-click the program that you want to start with a keyboard shortcut, and then click Properties.

Shortcut menu for a program with Properties selected


Click in the Shortcut key box. Now press the letter on your keyboard that you want to use to start the program. Make it easy to remember—for example, press I for Microsoft Internet Explorer.

Note: You can use either uppercase or lowercase letters when creating your keyboard shortcuts—and when accessing them later. In the Shortcut key box, Microsoft Windows XP automatically adds Ctrl + Alt + before the key you pressed. When you want to start the program, hold down both the CTRL and ALT keys simultaneously, while also pressing the letter you chose. This way, your program won't start every time you type that letter.

Properties window for specified program with Shortcut tab displayed and Shortcut key box indicated


Click OK.

Properties window for specified program with Shortcut tab displayed and OK button selected


Now test your shortcut. Hold down the CTRL and ALT keys, and then press the letter you chose. If you find it difficult to hold down two keys at once, read Turn on the Sticky Keys feature. Your program should start.

When your friends see you start up programs without touching your mouse, they just might think you have a psychic connection with your computer!


These are 10 useful Windows XP tips by the computer experts. Hope it could help you much.

1. Reinstall Windows XP without re-activation.
If you need to reinstall Windows XP, usually you need to re-activate it. In fact, if you can backup the Wpa.dbl file under the Windows\System32 directory at the first time, you would need not to activate it by covering this file with the backup file.

2. How do I know whether my Windows XP has been activated?
From the "start" menu, "start" > "run", type "oobe/msoobe/a" in the pops up dialog box, then press carriage return. The system will pop-up a window to tell you whether the system has been activated.

3. Close the zip folder function.
Do you think that the zip folder feature in Windows XP is too slow and has nothing new to attract you? Okay, let me tell you how to close the function. From the start menu, "start" > "run", type "regsvr32/u zipfldr.dll" in the box, then press carriage return. It would close the ZIP folder function now.

4. Shut down, restart Windows XP within only 1 second!
If you want to shut down Windows XP quickly, you can press CTRL+ALT+DEL(press the "Ctrl", "Alt" and "Delete" at one time), and then in the pop-up Task Manager, click "Turn Off" > "Shut down", then click "OK", at the same time, please hold down the "Ctrl" key, you would find that in less than 1 second the system has been shut down. Similarly, if you select the "Restart" option, the system could quickly restart.

5. Changes the background color of the login screen.
Open the Registry Editor(From the start menu, "Start" > "Run", type "regedit" in the box, then press "Enter" key, the "Registry Editor" would run). locate to [HKEY-USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Colors], set the value of the "Background" to "000" (without the quotes), the login background will becomes black. You can change it to other color also.

6. Completely uninstall Windows XP.
After the installation of Windows XP, if you do not like it and want to change it to your previous system such as Windows 98 or Windows Me. Oh, god save me, it seems you are too rich man. While you can do that like this:

use the Windows 98 installation CD to boot to the DOS state and then type: "format -ur". This will remove all the XP files and allow you to re-install Windows 98/Me.

Note: Before reinstall a new operating system, you must back up all the files of your own well under the non-system drivers.

7. System failure on starting up.
If the system can not correctly start up or you did not want to save some configurations you current make, you can restart the system, then hold down the F8 key, until a menu appear, choose the "Last Known Good Configuration(your most recent settings that worked)" to restore the system changes.

8. To restore the previous driver for the hardware.
After new hardware installed, if you found the system unstable or hardware does not work, choose "the driver to resume" in the "Device Manager", you can revert to a previous normal system state. But note, this can not restore the printer driver.

9. Automatic log in
Click the start menu, "Start" > "Run", enter "rundll32netplwiz.dll, UsersRunDll"(without the quotes), In the card "User Accounts", cancel the "Users must enter a user name and passWord to use this computer" option, click "OK", then in the pop-up dialog box, type the username and password you want it used to automatically log in.

10. Shortcut to quick shutdown or restart(Timing is available)
Right click the desktop, choose "New" > "Shortcut", type "C:\WINDOWS\system32\shutdown.exe -s -t 10" in the text command line in the pops up wizard. In this command, "-s" means "shut down", it can be changed to "-r", means "restart", "-t 10" means a 10 seconds of timing, you could change it as needed. After the complete making of this shortcut, follow the hints to assign an icon to it.

This of shutdown or restart will prompt a nice dialog to shutdown or restart. You can also append a line "-c "I will turn off now""(do not input the outer quotes) to the command line mention above, this phrases will appears when shut down. Of course, you are free to write the text in the inner quote, but note that the length of the text can not exceed 127 characters.


In Windows XP, have you met a case that a hidden file can not be opened? Here I would tell you the some ways of solutions by editing the Windows Registry. Before any operation to the registry, be sure to backup it before you begin.

1. Using some registry repairing software to repair.

2. Copy the following codes into the notepad, save the text as a reg file, then double-click the file and import it into Windows Registry.

Note: Be sure to back up the whole registry before this operation.

//////////////Copying Begin (not include this line)//////////////
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

"RegPath" = "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced"
"Text" = "@ shell32.dll, -30500"
"Type" = "radio"
"CheckedValue" = dword: 00000001
///////////////Copying End (not include this line)///////////////

3. Also, you can do it manually, the principle as same as the above. Note, to be sure to back up the registry entries before the amendment.

From the "Start" menu, "Start" > "Run", input "regedit" in the text line of dialog then press "Enter", this will open the registry editor. Navigate to following location under the "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE" root:


then, modify the value of "CheckedValue" to 1.

4. Some related entries of your registry have been modified:


The virus has modified the value of "Type" under the "SHOWALL" key to be "radio2" (of course, it possibly be other name). This would result in the "Show All Files" option will can not be shown. Change the value back to "radio" could solve this problem.

5. Unidentified software have modified the registry.

Use the method of #3 show above to open the registry editor, navigate to the following location:


then, first to directly delete "CheckedValue". Then right click and create a new DWORD value, then rename it as "CheckedValue", and set its value data to be 1. then exit the Registry Editor. Ok, problem solved.


If you want to remove the desktop, of course, we mean to remove the system default icons such as "My Computer", "My Documents", "My Network Places" and Internet Explorer icons. This article show you how to remove and restore these desktop icons in different Windows system.

Remove Desktop or Restore Desktop In Windows XP:

  1. Click "Start" > "Control Panel".

  2. Double click "Display", select the "Desktop" tab, then click "Customize Desktop".

  3. Click to select the check box to display desktop items or click to unselect the check box to clear the desktop items.

  4. Apply the changes will remove the desktop icons or restore the desktop icons.

Remove Desktop Icons In Windows 95 or Windows NT 4.0:

  1. Click "Start" > "Run", input "Regedit.exe" or "Regedt32.exe" in the prompt dialog box, then press "Enter".

  2. When the "Registry Editor" opened, select the "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE" key.

  3. Under the "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE" key, navigate to the following location:

     You see several hexadecimal strings called CLSIDs. Select each one in turn, and the right pane will show you which icon is being selected.
  4. When you have the appropriate icon entry selected for the icon you want to remove from the desktop, export the key by using the Export Registry File command on the Registry menu. You need to choose a path and file name under which to save the file.
  5. After the key has been exported, you can delete the icon entry to remove it from the desktop. Click Yes in the confirmation box to complete the icon deletion process.
  6. Quit "Registry Editor", log off, and then log back on to your computer. You will find the icons have been removed from the desktop.

Restore Desktop Icons In Windows 95 or Windows NT 4.0:

  1. Click "Start" > "Run", input "Regedit.exe" or "Regedt32.exe" in the prompt dialog box, then press "Enter".

  2. When the "Registry Editor" opened, select the "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE" key.

  3. Under the "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE" key, navigate to the following location:

  4. Select NameSpace.

  5. On the Registry menu, click Import Registry File, and type the path to the location of the registry file that was exported in the preceding procedure.

  6. Select the file name to which the registry key was saved, click Open, and then click OK.

  7. Quit Registry Editor, log off, and then log back on to the computer, you would find icons have been replaced back onto the desktop.

Remove or Restore Desktop Internet Explorer In Windows 2000:

  1. In Internet Explorer, click Internet Options on the Tools menu.
  2. On the Advanced tab, click to clear the Show Internet Explorer on the Desktop check box under Browsing, and then click OK.

NOTE: The registry change described in this article does not work in Windows 2000.

Also Important: The above method to remove or restore the desktop icons contains knowledges on Windows registry operations. The registry is a center database of Windows, sometimes to modify the registry data incorrectly might cause serious problems to Windows. Therefore, to take these steps carefully and better to backup the whole registry data before you make any changes to it. You could have the system fixed by restore the back up data back to the registry if there are some prlblem occurs by your modification.

To remove the desktop icons in Windows Vista, see this article: .