windows xp

How to log on as an administrator in Windows XP?

determine whether your current account is a computer administrator account. If the account is, you can install software and change settings using your current user account. If your account is not an administrator account, you can log on as an administrator by following a special logon process.

How to determine if your user account is a computer administrator account

To determine whether your current account is a computer administrator account

1.

Click Start, and note your user name at the top of the Start menu. Then, click Control Panel.

Start menu with Control Panel selected

2.

Click User Accounts.

Control Panel Pick a category page with User Accounts selected

3.

Below your user name, you should see either Limited account or Computer administrator.

The User Accounts window

If your account is a limited account, you cannot install software or change certain computer settings. You can either log on using one of the computer administrator accounts (as described in Set up user accounts and log on to your computer), or you can log on using the special Administrator account as described in the next section.

How to log on with the Administrator account in Windows XP?

All Windows XP computers have a special user account named Administrator (some computer manufacturers might rename it).

To log on with the Administrator account so that you can install software or change computer settings

1.

If you are currently logged on to your computer, click Start, and then click Log Off. When prompted, click Switch User.

Note: If your computer is joined to an Active Directory, the Fast Users Switching feature will be disabled. This is a common change made to computers used for business. In fact, it happens automatically when a computer joins an Active Directory domain. However, this setting is not the default setting. Almost all computers in home environments will have Fast User Switching enabled.

The Log Off Windows screen with Switch User selected

2.

On the Welcome screen, press CTRL+ALT+DEL on your keyboard by holding down both the CTRL and ALT keys and then pressing DELETE.

3.

The Log On to Windows dialog box appears. In the User name box, type Administrator. In the Password box, type your Administrator password, if you created one during Windows XP setup. If you have not assigned a password, or you do not know your password, leave the Password box blank. Click OK.

The Log On to Windows screen

Windows XP logs you on using the Administrator account. You should use the Administrator account only when installing software or changing computer settings. When you are browsing the Web, reading e-mail, or performing other day-to-day computer tasks, you should be logged on using a limited account. For more information, read Set up user accounts and log on to your computer.

 

How to adjust the vertical space between icons on your desktop in Windows XP?

If you'd like more icons to fit on your desktop, you can adjust the spacing between them so that they sit closer together.

How to adjust the vertical space between icons on desktop?

1.

Right-click the desktop, and then click Properties.

Desktop shortcut menu with Properties selected

2.

In the Display Properties dialog box, click the Appearance tab. Then, click Advanced.

Appearance tab in Display Properties dialog box with Advanced button selected

3.

Click the Item list, and then click Icon Spacing (Vertical).

Advanced Appearance dialog box with Icon Spacing (Vertical) selected

4.

In the Size box, decrease the number to move icons closer together, or increase the number to add space between icons. (The smaller the number, the less space there will be between the icons. Conversely, the larger the number, the greater the space will be between the icons.)

Advanced Appearance dialog box with pointer on Size box

5.

Click OK.

Advanced Appearance dialog box with OK button selected

6.

To change the spacing for your existing desktop icons to the spacing you specified in step 4, right-click your desktop, click Arrange Icons By on the shortcut menu, and then click Align to Grid.

Desktop shortcut menu with Arrange Icons By selected and Align to Grid selected on submenu

7.

Next, right-click your desktop, click Arrange Icons By on the shortcut menu, and then click Auto Arrange.

Desktop shortcut menu with Arrange Icons By selected and Auto Arrange selected on submenu

Microsoft Windows XP arranges your desktop using the new icon spacing you specified. Repeat steps 6 and 7 to return your desktop settings to their original state.

On a monitor with 800 × 600 resolution, changing the default icon spacing from 43 to 39 squeezes eight icons into each column, up from the original seven icons.

 

How to customize a folder's thumbnail picture?

You can replace the difault folder icons with custom pictures to make browsing your files more fun, and to make it easier for children to find and open files.Microsoft Windows XP usually shows icons for folders like My Pictures. If a folder contains pictures, Windows XP always displays random thumbnails from within the folder. To change it, please follow the steps listed below.

To add a picture to a folder

1.

In Windows Explorer (the program that appears when you open folders such as My Computer, My Documents, My Pictures, or My Music), right-click the folder you want to add a picture to, and then click Properties.

Windows Explorer with Properties selected on a folder shortcut menu

2.

In the Properties dialog box, click the Customize tab. If there is no Customize tab, you cannot add a picture to that folder. You can add pictures to other folders, however.

Customize tab in Properties dialog box

3.

On the Customize tab, click Choose Picture.

Customize tab in Properties dialog box with Choose Picture button selected

4.

In the Browse dialog box, click the picture you want to use, and then click Open.

Browse dialog box with image file selected

5.

Click OK.

Customize tab in Properties dialog box with OK button selected

When you view the folder using Thumbnails view, Windows displays a thumbnail of the picture you selected.

Note: Your picture is visible only when you're browsing folders with the Thumbnails view. To access the Thumbnails view, click Thumbnails on the View menu.

 

How to change the picture on your Welcome screen in windows?

By default, each user account in Microsoft Windows XP has a standard picture (such as a chess set, a dog, or an astronaut) associated with it. If you'd like to make the picture more personal, you can add your own image for each account. Changing pictures is fun, and it makes it easier for young children to use your computer.

To change the picture on the Welcome screen

1.

Log on to your computer as an administrator.

2.

Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

Start menu with Control Panel selected

3.

Under Pick a category, click User Accounts.

Control Panel window with User Accounts selected

4.

Under or pick an account to change, click the account you want to choose a picture for.

User Accounts window with account selected

5.

Under What do you want to change..., click Change the picture.

User Accounts window with Change the picture selected

6.

Click Browse for more pictures.

User Accounts window Pick a new picture page with Browse for more pictures selected

7.

Click the picture you want to display for that account, and then click Open.

Browsing My Pictures folder with image and Open button selected

Windows XP displays the picture on the Welcome screen for the account you selected. To choose pictures for other accounts, return to step 3.


How to set up your computer so that only authorized persons can use it?

If someone wants to use your computer briefly he or she can use the Guest user account. By default in Microsoft Window XP, this account is disabled, which means that only specifically authorized users can access your computer.

If you have enabled your Guest account, you should disable the Guest account (once your guest has finished using your computer) to improve your computer’s security.

To disable the Guest account

1.

Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

Start menu with Control Panel selected

2.

Under Pick a Category, click User Accounts.

Control Panel window with User Accounts selected

3.

Under or pick an account to change, click Guest.

User Accounts window with Guest account selected

4.

On the What do you want to change about the guest account? page, click Turn off the guest account.

What do you want to change about the guest account? page with Turn off the guest account selected

Now the Guest account is disabled. As an added safety precaution, and to prevent users without user accounts from logging on, it’s a good idea to add passwords to every account on your computer.

 

How to change the default folder when Windows Explorer opend?

Microsoft Windows Explorer, which is accessible through the Start menu, is the tool you use to look through the files and drives on your computer.

All Programs menu expanded to access Windows Explorer on Accessories submenu

When you start Windows Explorer from the Start menu, it opens your My Documents folder by default. However, a My Documents shortcut already exists on your Start menu. You can put the Windows Explorer shortcut to better use by changing it to display all top-level drives and folders on your system. This change will give you a broad, overall view of all your folders and files.

My Computer window showing top-level drives and folders

To change how Windows Explorer opens

1.

Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, right-click Windows Explorer, and then click Properties.

All Programs menu and submenus expanded to access Properties on Windows Explorer shortcut menu

2.

The Target box currently shows %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe
At the end of the line, type the characters /n, /e, /select, C:\
The line should now read %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe /n, /e, /select, C:\
Be sure you insert blank spaces in the correct locations. Then, click OK.

Shortcut tab in Windows Explorer Properties dialog box with OK button selected

Now, when you open Windows Explorer, it will display all of your folders and drives, not just your My Documents folder.

How to create a keyboard shortcut to open a folder?

Do you have a folder that you'd like to be able to open quickly and easily whenever you want? If you create a keyboard shortcut for that folder, you can open it anytime by pressing a key combination, no matter which other programs you have open.

To create a keyboard shortcut to open a folder

1.

Click on Start, All Programs, Accessories, and then click Windows Explorer.

2.

In Windows Explorer (the program that appears when you open folders such as My Computer, My Documents, My Pictures, or My Music), right-click the folder to which you want instant access, click Send To, and then click Desktop.

Folder selected in My Documents folder, with Send To and then Desktop selected on right-click menu

3.

On your desktop, right-click the new shortcut, and then click Properties.

Shortcut selected, with Properties selected on right-click menu

4.

On the Shortcut tab, click in the Shortcut key box. Now press the letter on your keyboard that you want to use to open the folder.

Note: In the Shortcut key box, Microsoft Windows XP automatically adds CTRL+ALT before the key you press, because to use the shortcut to open a folder, you have to hold down both the CTRL and ALT keys simultaneously, while pressing the letter you chose. This way, your folder won't open every time you type that letter.

The Shortcut to My Pictures Properties page, with the shortcut key shown

5.

Click OK.

The Shortcut to My Pictures Properties page, with the OK button selected

6.

Now test your shortcut. Hold down the CTRL and ALT keys, and then press the letter you chose.

This tip can be applied to folders, programs, and text file shortcuts that are placed on the desktop. For more keyboard shortcuts, read how to use the keyboard shortcut to control windows.

 

How to move your taskbar to a new spot in Windows XP?

If you have more than six or seven windows open at a time, however, the taskbar can become extremely crowded. To make more room for windows, move your taskbar to the right or left side of the screen, where it will be displayed vertically, giving you room for more than a dozen windows.

Tip: If you have a widescreen monitor, placing your taskbar on the right or left side of the screen can make much more efficient use of screen space.

How to move your taskbar?

1.

Right-click your taskbar. If there is a check mark beside Lock the Taskbar on the shortcut menu, click Lock the Taskbar to unlock it.

Taskbar shortcut menu with Lock the Taskbar selected

2.

Drag your taskbar to the left, right, or top of your screen. To drag the taskbar, click and hold the mouse button over the taskbar. Then, while holding down the mouse button, drag the taskbar to its new location. When the taskbar is in place, release the mouse button.

3.

Move the pointer over an edge of the taskbar until the pointer changes to a double-headed arrow. Click the mouse button, and drag the edge of the taskbar to widen it. When you can read the window titles, release the mouse button.

Resized taskbar

4.

Finally, to prevent your taskbar from being accidentally moved, right-click your taskbar, and click Lock the Taskbar on the shortcut menu.

Resized taskbar with Lock the Taskbar selected on the shortcut menu

How to unlock toolbars and work with them?

A toolbar is a collection of buttons or icons—usually displayed across the top of the screen—that represents the different tasks you can do within a program. For example, there is a toolbar for the standard Internet Explorer command buttons in Microsoft Internet Explorer, one for entering an Internet address, and one for quick links you can set up.

When you open a toolbar, it will appear in a particular spot on the screen. If you want to change the location of the toolbar you can move it by dragging it to the new location. You can also resize the toolbar by dragging its edge. If you find a toolbar that cannot be moved or resized, the toolbar may be locked.

How to unlock a toolbar

  1. Make sure you have only one window open for the program. (You can look at the taskbar at the bottom of your screen to verify this.) Then, right-click the toolbar.
  2. If Lock the Toolbars appears on the shortcut menu and is selected (a check mark appears to the left of it), click Lock the Toolbars to unlock the toolbar. If you see Lock the Toolbars, but no check mark appears to the left of it, the toolbar is already unlocked.

Note: If Lock the Toolbars does not appear on the shortcut menu, you may not be able to move or resize the toolbar.

If you are able move the toolbar, once you’ve moved the toolbar to the location where you want it, select Lock the Toolbars so that it isn’t inadvertently moved. To make sure the change is permanent, lock the toolbar, exit the program, and then reopen it. The toolbar should be locked.

Toolbar shortcut menu with Lock the Toolbars selected

 

How to run the screensaver by click a program in Windows?

Monitor technology has improved over the years, and screen savers have become more a form of entertainment than a way to avoid burn-in. But how to instantly activate a screen saver under windows? This will help you quickly make your monitor to be protected from the time when you leaving.
 

Screen savers can be used to display your favorite photos or other images you'd like to see. Sometimes you might want to immediately start your screen saver like you would any other program, without waiting several minutes for it to start automatically.

To add a shortcut to your desktop that you can double-click to instantly start your screen saver

1.

Click the Start button, and then click Search.

Start menu with Search selected

2.

In the Search Results window, click All files and folders.

Search results window

3.

In the All or part of the file name box, type *.scr. Then, click Search.

Search Results window with Search button selected

4.

You will see a list of screen savers in the search results. Pick the screen saver you want. You can preview it by double-clicking it. To add a shortcut to your desktop, right-click the file, click Send To, and then click Desktop.

File selected with Send To and Desktop selected on shortcut menu and submenu

Now you can instantly start your screen saver by double-clicking the icon on your desktop.

How to put your computer into hibernation mode manually?

One way to save power is to turn the computer off when you're not using it. If you’d like to save power but do not want to wait for Windows to shut down and restart, you can use the Microsoft Windows XP hibernation capability. Hibernation saves your open windows to your computer's hard disk and shuts the computer down within a few seconds. The next time you start your computer, all of your windows open exactly where you left them.

Hibernation is an alternative to the standby capability and saves your programs and shuts your computer down completely. Hibernation uses no power, and it takes your computer just several seconds to recover from hibernation when you want to use it again. Standby reduces power usage when your computer is not in use by turning off the parts of your computer that use the most energy. Standby uses more power than hibernation, but it takes less time to start a computer from standby than from hibernation.

Note: You can learn more about the standby option in your computer's power management settings in Configure Windows XP power management.

To put your computer into hibernation

1.

Click Start, and then click Turn Off Computer.

Start menu with Turn Off Computer selected

2.

Click Hibernate. If Hibernate is not an option, read Configure Windows XP power management for instructions on how to enable hibernation.

Turn off computer screen with Hibernate selected

Your computer goes into hibernation—a state in which it consumes no power. To wake your computer from hibernation, press the power button. If you like using hibernation, you can configure your computer's power button to automatically put your computer into hibernation.


 

 

How to delete the Windows Messenger under Windows XP?

Q: When I want to remove the windows messenger, how could I do under windows xp?

A: Fire up the Windows Explorer and navigate your way to the %SYSTEMROOT% \ INF folder. What the heck is that thingy with the percentage signs? It's a variable. For most people, %SYSTEMROOT% is C:\Windows. For others, it may be E:\WinXP. Get it?

Okay, on with the hack! In the INF folder, open sysoc.inf (but not before making a BACKUP copy first). Before your eyes glaze over, look for the line containing "msmsgs" in it. Near the end of that particular line, you'll notice that the word "hide" is not so hidden.

Go ahead and delete "hide" (so that the flanking commas are left sitting next to one another). Save the file and close it. Now, open the Add and Remove Programs applet in the Control Panel. Click the Add / Remove Windows Components icon. You should see "Windows Messenger" in that list.

Remove the checkmark from its box, and you should be set. NOTE: there are other hidden system components in that sysoc.inf file, too. Remove "hide" and the subsequent programs at your own risk.

If you are using Windows 2000, then you must be the supper user or master, do familiar with above.

 

How to speed up the menu display in Windows XP?

As a computer operator, you may have noticed that in Microsoft Windows XP the submenu items in a menu group will have a delay when you click the parent munu. Also in the main menus the settings allows menu to fade into view when you open them. This visual effect is so smooth that you may never have noticed it; of course, this is under a condition that you do not have anything emergent to handle.

However, the effect does cause menus to take a little longer to appear, if you have a good feeling. And on a fast computer, this shouldn't be an issue. But on a computer that isn’t responding as quickly as you'd like, you can make menus display faster.

To speed up menu display, you can do the following steps:

1.

Click Start. Right-click My Computer, and then click Properties.

My Computer shortcut menu with Properties selected

2.

Click the Advanced tab. In the Performance area, click Settings.

System Properties dialog box Advanced tab with Settings button selected

3.

On the Visual Effects tab in the Performance Options dialog box, clear the Fade or slide menus into view check box.

Visual Effects tab in Performance Options dialog box with Fade or slide menus into view selected

4.

Click OK.

5.

In the System Properties dialog box, click OK.

Advanced tab in System Properties dialog box with OK selected

Now when you click a menu, it will appear almost instantly. If your computer is a little slow, try it once. Good luck!

 

How to use the keyboard shortcut to control windows?

If you like to keep four or five windows open while you work (or play) on your computer, you'll appreciate knowing these keyboard shortcuts. You can quickly switch between your Web browser, e-mail, instant message windows, and other programs without taking your hands off the keyboard.

Action Shortcut

Minimize a window to your taskbar

ALT, SPACEBAR, N

Maximize a window so it takes up your whole desktop

ALT, SPACEBAR, X

Restore a window so it's visible but doesn't take up your whole desktop

ALT, SPACEBAR, R

Close a window

ALT+F4

Switch to the last window you had open

ALT+TAB

Switch to any window

Hold down the ALT key, and press TAB until the window you want is active

 

Programs often start up in a "restored" state, where the window takes up only part of the screen. To maximize the window so that it takes up the entire screen, press the ALT key, press the SPACEBAR, and then press X. This will feel natural after you do it a few times, and you will feel much more efficient while using your computer.

 
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