windows tips

How to log on as an administrator in Windows XP?

determine whether your current account is a computer administrator account. If the account is, you can install software and change settings using your current user account. If your account is not an administrator account, you can log on as an administrator by following a special logon process.

How to determine if your user account is a computer administrator account

To determine whether your current account is a computer administrator account

1.

Click Start, and note your user name at the top of the Start menu. Then, click Control Panel.

Start menu with Control Panel selected

2.

Click User Accounts.

Control Panel Pick a category page with User Accounts selected

3.

Below your user name, you should see either Limited account or Computer administrator.

The User Accounts window

If your account is a limited account, you cannot install software or change certain computer settings. You can either log on using one of the computer administrator accounts (as described in Set up user accounts and log on to your computer), or you can log on using the special Administrator account as described in the next section.

How to log on with the Administrator account in Windows XP?

All Windows XP computers have a special user account named Administrator (some computer manufacturers might rename it).

To log on with the Administrator account so that you can install software or change computer settings

1.

If you are currently logged on to your computer, click Start, and then click Log Off. When prompted, click Switch User.

Note: If your computer is joined to an Active Directory, the Fast Users Switching feature will be disabled. This is a common change made to computers used for business. In fact, it happens automatically when a computer joins an Active Directory domain. However, this setting is not the default setting. Almost all computers in home environments will have Fast User Switching enabled.

The Log Off Windows screen with Switch User selected

2.

On the Welcome screen, press CTRL+ALT+DEL on your keyboard by holding down both the CTRL and ALT keys and then pressing DELETE.

3.

The Log On to Windows dialog box appears. In the User name box, type Administrator. In the Password box, type your Administrator password, if you created one during Windows XP setup. If you have not assigned a password, or you do not know your password, leave the Password box blank. Click OK.

The Log On to Windows screen

Windows XP logs you on using the Administrator account. You should use the Administrator account only when installing software or changing computer settings. When you are browsing the Web, reading e-mail, or performing other day-to-day computer tasks, you should be logged on using a limited account. For more information, read Set up user accounts and log on to your computer.

 

How to adjust the vertical space between icons on your desktop in Windows XP?

If you'd like more icons to fit on your desktop, you can adjust the spacing between them so that they sit closer together.

How to adjust the vertical space between icons on desktop?

1.

Right-click the desktop, and then click Properties.

Desktop shortcut menu with Properties selected

2.

In the Display Properties dialog box, click the Appearance tab. Then, click Advanced.

Appearance tab in Display Properties dialog box with Advanced button selected

3.

Click the Item list, and then click Icon Spacing (Vertical).

Advanced Appearance dialog box with Icon Spacing (Vertical) selected

4.

In the Size box, decrease the number to move icons closer together, or increase the number to add space between icons. (The smaller the number, the less space there will be between the icons. Conversely, the larger the number, the greater the space will be between the icons.)

Advanced Appearance dialog box with pointer on Size box

5.

Click OK.

Advanced Appearance dialog box with OK button selected

6.

To change the spacing for your existing desktop icons to the spacing you specified in step 4, right-click your desktop, click Arrange Icons By on the shortcut menu, and then click Align to Grid.

Desktop shortcut menu with Arrange Icons By selected and Align to Grid selected on submenu

7.

Next, right-click your desktop, click Arrange Icons By on the shortcut menu, and then click Auto Arrange.

Desktop shortcut menu with Arrange Icons By selected and Auto Arrange selected on submenu

Microsoft Windows XP arranges your desktop using the new icon spacing you specified. Repeat steps 6 and 7 to return your desktop settings to their original state.

On a monitor with 800 × 600 resolution, changing the default icon spacing from 43 to 39 squeezes eight icons into each column, up from the original seven icons.

 

How to open a web page without opening the browser?

 
  1. Select "Start"->"Run" from the windows "start" menu.
  2. Type the web pages'URL (http://codeback.net for example) in the text box and press ENTER.

Well, it seems an easy way to call the default browser to navigate to the web page you want to target to.

 

How to customize a folder's thumbnail picture?

You can replace the difault folder icons with custom pictures to make browsing your files more fun, and to make it easier for children to find and open files.Microsoft Windows XP usually shows icons for folders like My Pictures. If a folder contains pictures, Windows XP always displays random thumbnails from within the folder. To change it, please follow the steps listed below.

To add a picture to a folder

1.

In Windows Explorer (the program that appears when you open folders such as My Computer, My Documents, My Pictures, or My Music), right-click the folder you want to add a picture to, and then click Properties.

Windows Explorer with Properties selected on a folder shortcut menu

2.

In the Properties dialog box, click the Customize tab. If there is no Customize tab, you cannot add a picture to that folder. You can add pictures to other folders, however.

Customize tab in Properties dialog box

3.

On the Customize tab, click Choose Picture.

Customize tab in Properties dialog box with Choose Picture button selected

4.

In the Browse dialog box, click the picture you want to use, and then click Open.

Browse dialog box with image file selected

5.

Click OK.

Customize tab in Properties dialog box with OK button selected

When you view the folder using Thumbnails view, Windows displays a thumbnail of the picture you selected.

Note: Your picture is visible only when you're browsing folders with the Thumbnails view. To access the Thumbnails view, click Thumbnails on the View menu.

 

How to display the Quick Launch bar?

The Quick Launch bar is a list of shortcuts to your favorite programs. You can use the Quick Launch bar to open programs with a single click, without having to go through the Start menu. Microsoft Windows XP displays the Quick Launch bar by default, so it might already be part of your taskbar. Look for the Quick Launch bar directly to the right of your Start button.

If you have disabled your Quick Launch bar, you can display it by right-clicking your taskbar, clicking Toolbars, and then clicking Quick Launch.

The Toolbars shortcut menu with Toolbars and then Quick Launch selected

Windows XP displays the Quick Launch bar, which by default shows shortcuts for opening Microsoft Internet Explorer and for displaying your desktop. Other programs might add a shortcut to the Quick Launch bar, too.

To start a program, just click the shortcut.

The Quick Launch bar with the Window Media Player shortcut selected

With the Quick Launch bar displayed on your taskbar, your favorite programs are just a click away.

How to change the Time zones, Daylight Saving Time, and e-mail?

If you travel between time zones, do you set your clock forward or back? If a friend sends you an e-mail at noon, whose time zone is reflected in Microsoft Outlook—yours or your friend’s? What day should you change your clock for daylight-saving time, and do you move forward or back an hour?

Fortunately, Microsoft Windows XP helps you answer these questions by automatically translating times from other computers into your local time zone. Windows XP can also automatically adjust your clock for DST. Traveling between time zones is easy because you can select the new time zone, and Windows XP sets your clock correctly.

Your computer keeps track of time using Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Your computer automatically adjusts the time on your system clock, in incoming e-mail messages, in the Event Viewer administrative tool, and elsewhere to the correct time zone. It is important for you to set your time zone correctly and to update it when you travel. If your time zone isn't kept up to date—even if your clock is set correctly on your computer—the time stamps on e-mail messages you send will be wrong.

For example, if you are in the Eastern United States time zone (GMT-5), and a friend in the Pacific United States time zone (GMT-8) sends you an e-mail at 8:00 A.M. (your friend’s time), Outlook converts the time to 11:00 A.M. to reflect your local time zone. Similarly, if you monitor events on remote computers in other time zones, Event Viewer always displays those event dates and times in your local time zone.

How to change the time zone

To change the time zone and enable automatic adjustment for DST

1.

Right-click your system clock, and then click Adjust Date/Time.

The system clock right-click menu with Adjust Date/Time selected

2.

Click the Time Zone tab. Click the list, and then click on your time zone.

The Time Zone tab with Central Time selected

3.

Select the Automatically adjust clock for daylight saving changes check box, if your region uses daylight-saving time.

The Time Zone tab with

4.

Click OK.

The Time Zone tab with the OK button selected

Now, all references to time reflect your new time zone. This includes the times shown for incoming e-mail messages, event times in Event Viewer, and when scheduled tasks run.

Note: If you use Event Viewer, DST can cause unexpected behavior because Event Viewer changes the displayed time (and possibly the date) for events that have already occurred. For example, if an event occurred at 6:00 P.M. in standard time, after you move into DST, that event appears as if it had occurred at 7:00 P.M.
 

 

How to use the defragment tool to schedule a weekly defragmentation in Windows?

As we all know, the harddisk will get fragmentation after the long time of running. Defragmenting your hard drive is the process of putting all the scattered pieces of files back together. Microsoft Windows XP includes a tool that will defragment your hard drive for you. To keep your system performing well, it’s a good idea to have Windows XP automatically defragment your hard drive every week.

How too schedule a weekly defragmentation in Windows? please follow the next steps to do it.

1.

Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

Start menu with Control Panel selected

2.

Click Performance and Maintenance.

Control Panel window with Performance and Maintenance selected

3.

Under or pick a Control Panel icon, click Scheduled Tasks.

Performance and Maintenance window with Scheduled Tasks selected

4.

In the Scheduled Tasks window, double-click Add Scheduled Task.

Scheduled Tasks window with Add Scheduled Task selected

5.

In the Scheduled Task Wizard, click Next.

Scheduled Task Wizard with Next selected

6.

Click Browse.

Scheduled Task Wizard with Browse selected

7.

In the File name box, type %systemroot%\system32\defrag.exe, and then click Open.

Select Program to Schedule window with Open selected

8.

Under Perform this task, click Weekly. Then, click Next.

Scheduled Task Wizard with Weekly and Next button selected

9.

Set the time and day of the week you would like to defragment your hard drive. For best results, choose a time when your computer will be on but you will be away from it. Click Next.

Scheduled Task Wizard with a time and Next button selected

10.

Type your password in both the Enter the password and Confirm password boxes. Then, click Next.

Scheduled Task Wizard with password information entered and Next button selected

11.

Select the Open advanced properties for this task when I click Finish check box, and then click Finish.

Scheduled Task Wizard with Open advanced properties for this task when I click Finish selected

12.

In the Run box, add C: to the existing command. Make sure you include a space before the “C:”. Then, click OK.

defrag dialog box with C: highlighted in Run box

13.

In the Set Account Information dialog box, type your password in both the Password and Confirm password boxes. Then, click OK.

Set Account Information dialog box with password entered and OK selected

During defragmentation, a black window will open. If you happen to be working at your computer when the window opens, you can ignore it. Windows XP will defragment your hard drive at the time you have scheduled.

Notice that defragmentation works best when you have plenty of free space on your hard drive. The window will automatically disappear when defragmentation is complete. You can use other programs during defragmentation, but you may prefer to schedule defragmentation at a time when you won’t be using your computer.

 

The Windows Help viewer keyboard shortcuts list.

The following table contains windows keyboard shortcuts for working with the Windows Help viewer.

Press this key

To do this

Alt+C

Display the Table of Contents

Alt+N

Display the Connection Settings menu

F10

Display the Options menu

Alt+Left Arrow

Move back to the previously viewed topic

Alt+Right Arrow

Move forward to the next (previously viewed) topic

Alt+A

Display the customer support page

Alt+Home

Display the Help and Support home page

Home

Move to the beginning of a topic

End

Move to the end of a topic

Ctrl+F

Search the current topic

Ctrl+P

Print a topic

F3

Move the cursor to the search box

We are all know that the Windows help viewer is very useful when you need learn a new application. If you can be familiar with the above Windows keyboard shortcuts used in Windows help viewer, it must give you great help when working with the Windows help viewer.

 

The Windows Journal keyboard shortcuts list

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Journal.

Press this key

To do this

Ctrl+N

Start a new note

Ctrl+O

Open a recently used note

Ctrl+S

Save changes to a note

Ctrl+Shift+V

Move a note to a specific folder

Ctrl+P

Print a note

Alt+F4

Close a note and its Journal window

Ctrl+Z

Undo a change

Ctrl+Y

Redo a change

Ctrl+A

Select all items on a page

Ctrl+X

Cut a selection

Ctrl+C

Copy a selection to the Clipboard

Ctrl+V

Paste a selection from the Clipboard

Esc

Cancel a selection

Delete

Delete a selection

Ctrl+F

Start a basic find

Ctrl+G

Go to a page

F5

Refresh find results

F5

Refresh the note list

F6

Toggle between a note list and a note

Ctrl+Shift+C

Display a shortcut menu for column headings in a note list

F11

View a note in full-screen mode

F1

Open Journal Help

If you can be familiar with the above Windows keyboard shortcuts, it could give you great help when working with the Windows Journal program.

 

Windows Calculator keyboard shortcuts list.

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Calculator.

Press this key

To do this

Alt+1

Switch to Standard mode

Alt+2

Switch to Scientific mode

Alt+3

Switch to Programmer mode

Alt+4

Switch to Statistics mode

Ctrl+E

Open date calculations

Ctrl+H

Turn calculation history on or off

Ctrl+U

Open unit conversion

Alt+C

Calculate or solve date calculations and worksheets

F1

Open Calculator Help

Ctrl+Q

Press the M- button

Ctrl+P

Press the M+ button

Ctrl+M

Press the MS button

Ctrl+R

Press the MR button

Ctrl+L

Press the MC button

%

Press the % button

F9

Press the +/– button

/

Press the / button

*

Press the * button

+

Press the + button

-

Press the button

R

Press the 1/× button

@

Press the square root button

0-9

Press the number buttons (0-9)

=

Press the = button

.

Press the . (decimal point) button

Backspace

Press the backspace button

Esc

Press the C button

Del

Press the CE button

Ctrl+Shift+D

Clear the calculation history

F2

Edit the calculation history

Up Arrow key

Navigate up in the calculation history

Down Arrow key

Navigate down in the calculation history

Esc

Cancel editing the calculation history

Enter

Recalculate the calculation history after editing

F3

Select Degrees in Scientific mode

F4

Select Radians in Scientific mode

F5

Select Grads in Scientific mode

I

Press the Inv button in Scientific mode

D

Press the Mod button in Scientific mode

Ctrl+S

Press the sinh button in Scientific mode

Ctrl+O

Press the cosh button in Scientific mode

Ctrl+T

Press the tanh button in Scientific mode

(

Press the ( button in Scientific mode

)

Press the ) button in Scientific mode

N

Press the ln button in Scientific mode

;

Press the Int button in Scientific mode

S

Press the sin button in Scientific mode

O

Press the cos button in Scientific mode

T

Press the tan button in Scientific mode

M

Press the dms button in Scientific mode

P

Press the pi button in Scientific mode

V

Press the F-E button in Scientific mode

X

Press the Exp button in Scientific mode

Q

Press the x^2 button in Scientific mode

Y

Press the x^y button in Scientific mode

#

Press the x^3 button in Scientific mode

L

Press the log button in Scientific mode

!

Press the n! button in Scientific mode

Ctrl+Y

Press the y√x button in Scientific mode

Ctrl+B

Press the 3√x button in Scientific mode

Ctrl+G

Press the 10x button in Scientific mode

F5

Select Hex in Programmer mode

F6

Select Dec in Programmer mode

F7

Select Oct in Programmer mode

F8

Select Bin in Programmer mode

F12

Select Qword in Programmer mode

F2

Select Dword in Programmer mode

F3

Select Word in Programmer mode

F4

Select Byte in Programmer mode

K

Press the RoR button in Programmer mode

J

Press the RoL button in Programmer mode

<

Press the Lsh button in Programmer mode

>

Press the Rsh button in Programmer mode

%

Press the Mod button in Programmer mode

(

Press the ( button in Programmer mode

)

Press the ) button in Programmer mode

|

Press the Or button in Programmer mode

^

Press the Xor button in Programmer mode

~

Press the Not button in Programmer mode

&

Press the And button in Programmer mode

A-F

Press the A-F buttons in Programmer mode

Spacebar

Toggles the bit value in Programmer mode

A

Press the Average button in Statistics mode

Ctrl+A

Press the Average Sq button in Statistics mode

S

Press the Sum button in Statistics mode

Ctrl+S

Press the Sum Sq button in Statistics mode

T

Press the S.D. button in Statistics mode

Ctrl+T

Press the Inv S.D. button in Statistics mode

D

Press the CAD button in Statistics mode

Windows Calculator is a very useful program in windows, Use the keyboard shortcuts above could make you operate the Calculator quickly.

 

The Windows Explorer keyboard shortcuts list.

Most programs provide accelerator keys that can make it easier to work with menus and other commands. Check the menus of programs for accelerator keys. If a letter is underlined in a menu, that usually means that pressing the Alt key in combination with the underlined key will have the same effect as clicking that menu item. The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Explorer windows or folders.

Press this key

To do this

Ctrl+N

Open a new window

Ctrl+W

Close the current window

Ctrl+Shift+N

Create a new folder

End

Display the bottom of the active window

Home

Display the top of the active window

F11

Maximize or minimize the active window

Ctrl+Period (.)

Rotate a picture clockwise

Ctrl+Comma (,)

Rotate a picture counter-clockwise

Num Lock+Asterisk (*) on numeric keypad

Display all subfolders under the selected folder

Num Lock+Plus Sign (+) on numeric keypad

Display the contents of the selected folder

Num Lock+Minus Sign (-) on numeric keypad

Collapse the selected folder

Left Arrow

Collapse the current selection (if it's expanded), or select the parent folder

Alt+Enter

Open the Properties dialog box for the selected item

Alt+P

Display the preview pane

Alt+Left Arrow

View the previous folder

Backspace

View the previous folder

Right Arrow

Display the current selection (if it's collapsed), or select the first subfolder

Alt+Right Arrow

View the next folder

Alt+Up Arrow

View the parent folder

Ctrl+Shift+E

Display all folders above the selected folder

Ctrl+Mouse scroll wheel

Change the size and appearance of file and folder icons

Alt+D

Select the address bar

Ctrl+E

Select the search box

Ctrl+F

Select the search box

To familiar with the above Windows Explorer keyboard shortcuts will speed up your job.

 
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